As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu Surah Al-'Adiyat
In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
1. By the (steeds), that run with panting (breath).
2. Striking sparks of fire (by their hooves).
3. And scouring to the raid at dawn.
4. And raise the dust in clouds the while.
5. And penetrating forth with as one into the midst (of the foe).
6. Verily, man is ungrateful to his Lord.
7. And to that He bears witness (by his deeds).
8. And verily, he is violent in the love of wealth.
9. Knows he not that when the contents of the graves are brought and poured forth (all mankind is resurrected).
10. And that which is in the breasts (of man) shall be made known.
11. Verily, that Day (the Day of Resurrection) their Lord will be Well-Acquainted with them. (as to their deeds), (and will reward them for their deeds.)
It is called Surah Al-'Adiyat (Those who Run) because Allah Almighty begins it swearing by 'those that run" referring to the horses of those who fight in Jihad, those who are riding quickly to meet the enemy.
Its Relation to What is Before it
Both Surahs discuss the time when the earth will spew forth the dead:
And When the earth throws out its burdens.
And in this Surah:
When the contents of the graves are brought out and poured forth
Az-Zalzalah ends by mentioning that we will be recompensed for good and evil deeds. Al-'Adiyat ends with the same:
Verily, that Day (the Day of Resurrection) their Lord will be Well-Acquainted with them. (as to their deeds), (and will reward them for their deeds.) Wal-'Aadiyaati Dhabha:
The Meanings of its Words
The horse that races at an amazingly strong and fast pace, which causes it to make the sound of the "Dhabh." The Dhabh is the breathing sound that emanates from the chest of a horse when it races at top speeds. Al-Mooriyaati:
The striking of their hooves on the rocks on the ground. Qadha:
meaning the fire that sparks from the hardness of their hooves and the strength of their racing. Fal-Mugheeraati:
Those that attack their enemy by making a raid. Subha:
Morning time. For the most part. Raids took place in the morning, for when the Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) wanted to attack, he waited until the morning; if he heard the call to prayer, he would stop, and if he didn't he would attack. He advised those who went on group missions to follow the same strategy. Fa-Atharna bihi:
By their racing and they stir up. Naq'a:
dust from the intensity of their moving. Fawasatna bihi:
meaning on their mounts, Jam'a:
they would surround the enemy they were raiding. Innal Insaana Li-Rabbihi Lakanood:
Man as a species hates to share with others the good he has, good that Allah Almighty has blessed him with, and he refuses to acknowledge the good that Allah Almighty bestows upon him.To continue Insha Allah