As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu
The Meanings of it Words
Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said:
The shaking of the bottom of the earth. Allah Almighty informs us about the Day of Judgement, and that the earth will shake and give a violent jolt, causing all the buildings and structures to fall; the mountains will be crushed and the hills will be leveled; the earth will become like a level floor with no crookedness in it.
Wa Akhrajtil-Ardhu Athqaalahaa
meaning the earth will throw out its treasures and the dead.
Wa Qaalal Insaanu Ma Lahaa:
(When he sees the enormous matters that are happening) Man will say: "What is happening to it?"
Yawma'ithin tuhaddithu Akhbaarahaa:
The earth will bear witness to what mankind perpetrated over it, both the good and bad of it. The earth is one of the many witnesses that will give testimony regarding the deeds of Allah's creatures. Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) related that the Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) recited:
Yawma'ithin tuhaddithu Akhbaarahaa:
And He (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) said;
"Do you know what its information is? "
The Companions said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) said:
Its news is that it will give testimony about the deeds performed over it, by every male and female slave (of Allah). It will say, ' Such and such person performed such and such deeds on such and such day': that will be its information."
Bianna Rabbaka Awha Lahaa
Because your Lord has inspired it
Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Its Lord will say, 'Speak,' and it will speak." Mujahid (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said. "It means that He orders it to speak of those deeds that were performed over it, and it will not disobey His Order."
Yawma'ithin Yasdurun-Naasu Ashtaatan:
It is about the Resurrection. Ashtaat means divided groups, some miserable and some happy, some ordered to go to Paradise and other ordered to go to the Fire.
Li Yuraw A'maalahum:
So that Allah Almighty may show them their good and bad deeds, and the rewards they receive for them.
Faman Ya'mal Mithqaala Tharratin Khairan Yarah, Wa man Ya'mal Mithqaala Tharratin Sharran Yarah.
Tharrah means the weight of the smallest ant. So when one sees a good deed equal to that weight in his book (of deeds), he will be pleased by it. The principle is the same for both the righteous and the wicked persons, for each bad deed performed one has one sin held against him, and for each good deed performed, one has ten good deeds written for him. And on the day of Judgement, Allah Almighty further multiplies the good deeds of the believers. Here it is important to understand that since the smallest of deeds is judged, any deed that is greater than that will also be judged. Allah Almighty say:
On the Day when every person will be confronted with all the good he has done, and all the evils he has done, he will wish that there were a great distance between him and his evil. (Surah Aal-'Imran 3:30)
And they will find all that they did, placed before them. (Surah Al-Kahf 18:49)
Allah Almighty encourages us to do good deeds – even if they are small- and warns us against performing evil deeds – even if they are small, which is why the Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) used to say:
"Protect yourselves from the Fire, even if you do so with a part of a date (by giving it in charity); when one doesn’t find (anything) then with a good word."
He (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) also said:
"O 'Aishah! Stay away from those sins that are belittled for indeed, they will be taken account of by Allah."
Muslim and At-Tirmidhi recorded from Abu Hurairah, (Radhi Allahu Anhu) that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) said:
"The earth will spew forth its treasure, such a pillars of gold and silver. The murderer will come and say, 'For this I have killed.' The one who breaks ties with relatives will come and say, 'For this I have broken ties (with relatives).' And the thief will come and say, 'For this my hand was cut off." Then all of them will leave (the treasures), taking nothing from it.