As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu Surah Al-Humazah
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
1. Woe to every slander and backbiter.
2. Who has gathered wealth and counted it.
3. He thinks that his wealth will make him last forever!
4. Nay! Verily, he will be thrown into the crushing Fire.
5. And what will make you know what the crushing Fire is?
6. The fire of Allah, Almighty kindled.
7. Which leaps up over the hearts.
8. Verily, it shall be closed in on them,
9. In pillars stretched forth.
It is called Surah Al-Humazah because Allah said in the beginning of it:
Woe to every Humazah Lumazah.
Its Relation To What is Before It
After Allah Almighty mentioned in the last Surah that man as a species is in a state of loss and destruction, He Almighty clarifies what the state will be of he who loses, here, Allah Almighty also gives an example of those who will suffer the ultimate loss.
In What Context Was This Surab Revealed
Abu Haiyan (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "This was revealed about Al-Akhnas bin Shuraiq, Al-'Aas bin Wa'il, Jamil bin Ma'mar, Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah, or Umayyah bin Khalaf. These are the different opinions, and it is possible that it was revealed with regard to all of them. At any rate, it is general in that this chapter applies to anyone who has the characteristics described herein.
The Meanings Of Its Words Wail:
Ignominy and a painful punishment; it has been said that it is a valley in the Hellfire. Likulli Humazatin Lumazah: Humazah
means a backbiter, but more extreme: one who always attacks the honor and dignity of others. Lumazah: One who finds fault with others, and is expressive in doing so, usually with the movements of his eyebrows, eyes, hand, or head; he always puts on airs of superiority over others. Jama'a Maala wa 'Addadah:
Who gathers wealth and then counts it. Yahsabu:
He thinks; Anna Maalahu Akhladah:
He thinks that his wealth makes him immortal in this world. Kalla:
A word that has a meaning of deterrence. No, the situation isn't as he supposes it to be (his wealth will not prevent him from dying). Layunbathanna:
He will be thrown in a most humiliating fashion... Fil-Hutamah:
(Into) the fire of Hell; Hatm means to crush or smash, so the Hellfire crushes all that is thrown into it. Al-Muwqadah:
That is ablaze or aflame.Tattali'u 'Alal-Afidah:
Goes over the center of hearts, surrounding them. The heart is specifically mentioned here because it is the place where false and evil beliefs reside and it is the starting point or source of evil and wicked deeds.Mu'sadah:
(The Fire) will be closed in and covering them. Fee 'Amadin Mumaddadah:
In long pillars, so the Fire will be inside the pillars.To continue Insha Allah