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 Surah Al-Humazah (104)

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Zaza
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PostSubject: Surah Al-Humazah (104)   Thu Jan 14, 2010 10:05 am

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu


Surah Al-Humazah



In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

1. Woe to every slander and backbiter.

2. Who has gathered wealth and counted it.

3. He thinks that his wealth will make him last forever!

4. Nay! Verily, he will be thrown into the crushing Fire.

5. And what will make you know what the crushing Fire is?

6. The fire of Allah, Almighty kindled.

7. Which leaps up over the hearts.

8. Verily, it shall be closed in on them,

9. In pillars stretched forth.


Its Name


It is called Surah Al-Humazah because Allah said in the beginning of it:

Woe to every Humazah Lumazah.



Its Relation To What is Before It

After Allah Almighty mentioned in the last Surah that man as a species is in a state of loss and destruction, He Almighty clarifies what the state will be of he who loses, here, Allah Almighty also gives an example of those who will suffer the ultimate loss.



In What Context Was This Surab Revealed


Abu Haiyan (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "This was revealed about Al-Akhnas bin Shuraiq, Al-'Aas bin Wa'il, Jamil bin Ma'mar, Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah, or Umayyah bin Khalaf. These are the different opinions, and it is possible that it was revealed with regard to all of them. At any rate, it is general in that this chapter applies to anyone who has the characteristics described herein.



The Meanings Of Its Words


Wail:
Ignominy and a painful punishment; it has been said that it is a valley in the Hellfire.

Likulli Humazatin Lumazah: Humazah
means a backbiter, but more extreme: one who always attacks the honor and dignity of others. Lumazah: One who finds fault with others, and is expressive in doing so, usually with the movements of his eyebrows, eyes, hand, or head; he always puts on airs of superiority over others.

Jama'a Maala wa 'Addadah:
Who gathers wealth and then counts it.

Yahsabu:
He thinks;

Anna Maalahu Akhladah:
He thinks that his wealth makes him immortal in this world.

Kalla:
A word that has a meaning of deterrence. No, the situation isn't as he supposes it to be (his wealth will not prevent him from dying).

Layunbathanna:
He will be thrown in a most humiliating fashion...

Fil-Hutamah:
(Into) the fire of Hell; Hatm means to crush or smash, so the Hellfire crushes all that is thrown into it.

Al-Muwqadah:
That is ablaze or aflame.

Tattali'u 'Alal-Afidah:
Goes over the center of hearts, surrounding them. The heart is specifically mentioned here because it is the place where false and evil beliefs reside and it is the starting point or source of evil and wicked deeds.

Mu'sadah:
(The Fire) will be closed in and covering them.

Fee 'Amadin Mumaddadah:
In long pillars, so the Fire will be inside the pillars.

To continue Insha Allah
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Zaza
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PostSubject: Re: Surah Al-Humazah (104)   Thu Jan 14, 2010 10:10 am

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu


The Meaning in Summary


Allah Almighty warns us of a valley in the Hellfire that flows with the pus (liquid that issues forth from a wound) of its inhabitants. Allah Almighty describes people who backbite and slander, people who constantly find faults in others, and a person who has no care other than to amass wealth and count it, without having the slightest desire
to spend it in the way of good, such as spending it to join ties with relatives. In his ignorance, he thinks that his wealth makes him immortal in this life; he works and strives to gather even more wealth, thinking that the more he has, the longer he will live. He doesn't realize that in reality, miserliness causes one's life to shorten, and homes to be destroyed. Meanwhile, righteousness and generosity cause one's life span to increase. Then Allah Almighty says.

Nay! Verily, he will be thrown into the crushing Fire. And what will make you know what the crushing Fire is? (Ayah 4 and 5)


This repetition affirms the terror and awesome destructive power of the Fire.


The Fire of Allah, kindled.(Ayah 6)


The fuel of that Fire is men and stones, and from its violence, it

leaps up over the hearts (Ayah 7)


penetrating bodies and reaching their hearts. Living in the intensity of that heat, the inhabitants of the Fire are stuck therein, having no hope of coming out, which is why Allah Almighty says:

It shall be closed in on them, in pillars... (Ayah 8 and 9)


These long pillars will be behind doors, and the inhabitants of the Fire will not be able to come out. Allah Almighty says:


Every time they seek to get away therefrom, from anguish, they will be driven back therein. (Surah Al-Hajj 22:22)[/center][/color]


We ask Allah Almighty to protect us from that. (Ameen)



What Can Be Derived From These Verses


1) Our belief in Resurrection and recompense is affirmed.

2) It warns against backbiting and slander.

3) Those who are enamoured with wealth are censured.

4) It describes the intensity and the horror of the Hellfire.

5) Ignominy, punishment and destruction -- these await the one who backbites, the one who slanders, the one who always finds faults in others, and the one who is miserly with his wealth.

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Surah Al-Humazah (104)

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