As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu Surat At-Takathur
In the Name of Allah , the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
1. The mutual rivalry for piling up, of worldly things diverts you.
2. Until you visit the graves. (i.e. till you die)
3. Nay! You shall come to know!
4. Again, nay! You shall come to know!
5. Nay! if you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you would not have occupied yourself in worldly
6. Verily, you shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)!
7. And again, You Shall see it with certainty of sight!
8. Then, on that Day you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in this world)
It is called Surah At-Takathur because of the mention of the mutual rivalry for piling up. It means: "You busy yourselves with boasting, by deeds, children, and servants."
The Subject Matter of This Makkan Surah
Deeds done purely for this world are condemned; we are warned not to avoid preparing for the Hereafter, which is why this Surah
includes three major points:
1) It explains that some people become so occupied with the pleasures and temptations of this world that they will remain in
such a state until death overtakes them:
The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, until you visit the graves (i.e. until you die) (Ayah 1-2)
2) We are given notice that we will be asked about all of our deeds on the Day of Judgement:
Nay! You shall come to know! Again, nay! You shall come to know! (Ayah 3-4)
3) We are informed that we will see the Hellfire with certainty of sight; at that time, when we witness the horrors of the Fire, we will be asked about the pleasures of this world.
Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you would not have occupied yourselves in worldly things). (Ayah 6)
Its Relation To What is Before it
Surah Al-Qari'ah deals with some of the awesome events that will take place on the Day of Judgement; then it discusses the rewards awaiting those who will be eternally happy and those who will be eternally miserable. In this Surah, one of the reasons why some people deserve eternal miser, and the Fire is given - the perpetration of sins and preoccupation with worldly matters rather than with the religion. This Surah in very clear terms, warns us that we will be held responsible in the Hereafter for our actions in this world.
In What Context Was This Surah Revealed
In Sahih Muslim it is recorded that Mutarraf related that his father said, "As I approached the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), he was reciting Al-Haakumut-Takaathur. He then said:
The son of Adam says, "My wealth, my wealth!" 0, son of Adam! Do you have other than that which you ate and depleted, that which you wore and worn out, and that which you gave in charity and preserved. Everything else is fleeting, and being left for the people (i.e., heirs). Al-Haakum:
The Meaning Of Its Words
It keeps you so busy and occupied that you turn away from obedience to Allah Almighty.At-Takaathur:
i.e., flaunting and showing-off because one has a lot of wealth.Hatta-Zurtumul-Maqaabir:
You will continue to be preoccupied in accumulating and flaunting wealth until you die and are transported to your grave.Kalla:
You must not do that, so leave your preoccupation of amassing wealth.Sawfa Ta’lamoon:
When you enter your- graves, you will know that you made a huge mistake by boasting about your wealth and your children.Kalla:
here it means: "Truly!" Law Ta'lamoona 'Ilmal-Yaqeen:
If you knew results of amassing wealth with certainty, then you would not boast of the wealth you possess.Latarawunnal-Jaheem:
You will indeed see the Hellfire .Yawma'ithin:
On the day that you will see the Hellfire with certainty of sight. 'Anin-Na'eem:
(You will be asked) about the blessings you enjoyed, such as health, free time, safety, food, and drink.To continue Insha Allah